Measures the frequency change and the frequency dissipation which occurs when a material is adsorbed to an oscillating sensor surface. QCM-D provides real time information about the mass, thickness, shear modulus, and viscosity of the adsorbed layers.
Further Reading:Voinova MV, Rodahl M, Jonosn M, Kasemo B. 1999
, Viscoelastic Acoustic Response of Layered Polymer Films at Fluid-Solid Interfaces: Continuum Mechanics Approach, Physiica Scripta,
Rodahl M, Höök F, Kasemo B. 1996, QCM Operation in liquids: an explanation of measured variations in frequency and Q factor with liquid conductivity, Anal. Chem. 68:2217-2227
D. Johannsmann, 2008, Viscoelastic, mechanical and dielectric measurement on complex samples with the quartz crystal microbalance, Physical Chemistry Chemcal Physics, 10:4516-4534